Simple head cap
Shakhrisabz’s simple head cap is also called “Iroki”.
It is not only a beautiful headdress, but it is also a talisman.
Uzbekistan is famous for a wide variety of Uzbek ice caps. The Uzbek skullcap is a round or pointed cap with embroidered or woven patterns, the national headdress of the Uzbeks. They are adorned all, both the gray heads of the elderly and the glasses of newborns. A popular proverb says: “The simple headgear always fits the jigit.”
The origin of the cap is very old. In the custom of wearing a skullcap, the religion of Islam played a role, prohibiting Muslims from leaving the house with their heads uncovered. Apart from its direct utilitarian function, the bonnet has always been a garment adornment.
The aspiration of the artisans for beauty, for perfection, elevated their work from the craft to the highest art. Historically, their shapes come from a pointed cap worn under a turban. The word “cap” itself comes from the Tatar “tyubete”: tyube – top, top.
The Uzbek name for these hats is “duppi” or “kalpok”. Towards the 19th century, caps as headdresses became generalized, and a variety of their shapes were determined: pointed and conical, hemispherical and tetrahedral, round and domed. The richness and variety of colors and ornaments, the embroidery techniques are so great that it is difficult to enumerate the decoration of the caps.
Most of the time, black satin or velvet was chosen for men’s headgear. The women’s caps are made of silk, velvet, and brocade. They can have a high or low side, be adorned with a single-colored or multi-colored border from other fabrics, embroidered with silk, beads, as well as thread, glass beads, metal overlays.